3D bioprinting on the International Space Station
S. P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation «Energia» have announced the start of the space experiment «Magnetic 3D Bioprinter» on the Russian Segment of the International Space Station (ISS). The main objective is to test a new method for biofabrication of 3D tissue structures in zero gravity. All the currently existing bioprinters operate on the principle of additive, that is, layer-by-layer production. In zero-gravity of space it becomes possible to use a radically new approach — a «formative» production of tissue structures and organoids.
The results of the experiment will be used for further investigations into the feasibility of making more complex anatomical structures and developing systems to protect astronauts against space radiation during long-term manned missions.
The large-scale project involves representatives from the Roscosmos State Corporation, S. P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation «Energia», TsNIIMash and the experiment’s ordering customer — 3D Bioprinting Solutions lab. Initially, the work on the experiment would take no less than four years. But in order to maintain leadership in this field the scientists found reserves which allow reducing the experiment schedule by almost three years.
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