A new power generation technology from coal is created in the Ural Federal University
Researchers from the Ural Federal University (UFU) created and tested a technology that allows to convert coal into fuel for a solid oxide fuel cell. The plant burns only a small part of the mixture for technical needs, while electricity is produced by electrochemical methods.
Scientists from the UFU announced that they are able to produce solid oxide fuel cells with a capacity of 1.5 kW. Electrolyte is a ceramic material is heated to 600°C and higher. Electricity is produced by reactions between fuel and oxygen. In the new plant, a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide is used as fuel, which is synthesized from coal. Only a part of the mixture is burned in order to obtain the heat energy necessary for the plant operation. The technology optimally uses coal and less pollutes the environment.
«We solve the problem of replacing natural gas with coal, while improving energy and environmental characteristics. There is the high efficiency of the application of technology for the electrical and thermal energy production. The obtained results make us to raise the question of creating a new energy of the XXI century», Sergey Shcheklein, Head of the Department of Nuclear Power Plants and Renewable Energy Sources at the UFU, explained.
The research results are published in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.
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